how to do work cited
This webpage provides an example of a Works Cited page in MLA 2016 format.
Notice: we’ve selected to include the date of access to your internet sources below. The most recent MLA guidelines define that this can be optional but strongly suggested for resources whose date of publication is currently unavailable.
This manual functions as a one-stop store for all you will need to know about making a genuine MLA works cited page.
In this guide, you’ll find out about:
What an MLA works cited page is
Bibliography vs. Works Cited — What is the Difference?
Heading & Title Format
Organizing the List
Formatting Writer Titles
Title principles: capitalization, italics and quotation marks
Developing References using all the EasyBib MLA works cited generator
Example Works Cited
Works Cited (with this page)
There are several approaches to style references, but with this manual, we’re especially focusing on an MLA benchmark webpage. They’re the founders of this MLA format, and it is a widely used style to make references. Many languages and literature classes use MLA style, but owing to its own popularity, many other subject areas and areas use it also. This manual follows the instructions in their present edition, that is the 8th version.
This manual isn’t connected with the Modern Language Association. It was designed by EasyBib.com’s in-house librarians to function as a fast manual and snapshot of a few of the guidelines utilized at the MLA Handbook, 8th ed.
Let us begin with an explanation of exactly what a reference page is and creating one is needed.
1. What works cited webpage is
An MLA works cited page shows each of the resources which were consulted and included in a project. Each source has a corresponding in-text citation inside the newspaper.
Why can we mention it? When pupils and scholars produce a research document, they search out advice in publications, websites, journal articles, and lots of different kinds of sources. The data from such sources, together with the scholar’s personal knowledge and thinking, help in the creation of the last project.
But simply putting information from publications, websites, journal articles, newspaper articles, and other supply types to a project with no reference isn’t acceptable. With no reference or citation, it is going to seem as the paper’s writer developed everything himself!
That means it is required to call out if data is included from external sources and originated elsewhere.
This is easily achieved in two manners:
In-text or parenthetical citation
Complete references in a Works Cited list
In-text & parenthetical citations
In the torso of a study project, put in a brief reference near a quotation or paraphrased data that came out of a source. This is referred to as a story in-text or parenthetical citation. Here’s a good example of one:
Langdon’s experience is shown in Chapter 1 when he’s introduced into a group of college students. “Our guest tonight requires no introduction. He’s the author of many books: The Symbology of Secret Sects, The An of this Illuminati, The Lost Language of Ideograms, and when I say he wrote the book on Religious Iconology, I mean that very literally. Lots of you use his textbooks in category” (Brown 8).
From the case above, the author shows the quotation has been taken out of Brown’s book, on page 8.
Though this information is useful, the short reference to Brown and page 8 is not enough information to genuinely know the source of this quotation. Other pertinent info, like the complete name of the writer, the name of this publication, the writer, and also the year that the book has been published is lacking. Where does the reader find that advice? From the works mentioned MLA listing!
Complete references from the works cited list
The MLA works cited list is the last page of a study project. Here, the reader may choose some opportunity to genuinely know the resources contained within the body of this project. The reader may turn into the MLA works cited list, Search for”Brown” and watch the Entire reference, which appears like this:
Included in the above-mentioned mention is the complete title of the author (Dan Brown), the name of this origin (The DaVinci Code), the writer of this publication (Knopf Doubleday), and also the year the book was printed (2003).
The advice provided in the reference provides the reader with sufficient information to find the original source, whether he or she’d like.
Click to an MLA works cited guide by The University of York, which includes advice about structuring both kinds of references (in-text and complete references).
If you are asking yourself, “How can the MLA style of citation work?” Here is some additional advice.
2. Bibliography vs. Works mentioned — What is the distinction?
Fairly frequently, both phrases are used interchangeably. While similar, they have some exceptional differences.
If you are seeking to design your references in a different fashion, click for more fashions.
If your instructor or professor asks your references are created from APA citation design, have a look at this page in APA format.
Here is more info about the best way best to create an MLA in-text citation and APA in-text citation.
The rest of the guide concentrates on the positioning, company, and styling instructions to your MLA works cited list.
3. Page formatting
The reference page is your last page of a research paper and begins on its own page.
If your project is not a real research paper, however, a slideshow, movie, or a different kind of project, follow the very same instructions as above. Put the works cited list on the finished slide page, or display of this project.
Here are the suggested guidelines for spacing, margins, and page numbers removed in the MLA Style Center’s web page” Formatting a Research Paper.”
Set inch margins around the whole document.
The sole exception is that the”running head” See the”Running Head” section below to find out more about the margins of the element. From the page setup preferences, you can see and alter the dimensions of their margins.
Double-space the whole page. The name, references, and other elements should have double distances.
It’s not essential to make double distances manually by pressing the”enter” or”return” key between each line. Start looking for a part in the settings area referred to as”Line spacing” or”Paragraph spacing” You ought to be able to check or click off”double spacing”
While APA works mentioned are extremely different in the Modern Language Association style works cited, notice that APA bibliography pages also use double spacing around and one-inch margins.
The reference list is the last page(s) of a research paper.
When the completion of a research project is on page 7, page 8 is the very first page of this reference listing. In case the list runs on another page then, it would be page 9.
To learn more about how to show the page numbers, see the section below titled, “Running Head.”
4. Heading & name format
The following section focuses on how to properly tag and format the page numbers and name.
The running head is located on the peak of each page of this research project. Additionally, it is included on the reference list.
Title of the author or writer of this study project + page amount.
There’s 1 space between the writer’s name and the page number. Here’s an MLA works cited page example of a running head:
The above is a good illustration of a running head which could be observed on page 8 of a study project. The author’s last name is Kleinman.
General running headset tips:
it’s put in the top right corner of each page.
It sits half an inch from the top of the page and across the perfect side one-inch margin.
Reminder: In the event, the concluding paragraph of this research project is on page 10, the reference list begins on page 11. Though the reference page begins on its own page, the numbering through the whole project comprises the reference page.
Under the running head is the name of the webpage, which should either be”Works Cited” or”Works Cited.”
Just 1 benchmark =”Work Cited”
Multiple testimonials =” Works Cited”
Whether you are creating an MLA work cited page or an MLA works cited page, then here are some general principles to follow:
Align the name to the Middle of this record
Insert a one-inch margin under the top border of this newspaper
Don’t bold, italicize, or underline the name
The name should be the Exact Same size and style as the rest of the record (12-point ribbon )
Put a double space between the name and the very first citation on the page
Here’s a sample MLA works cited conducting head and name:
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5. Organizing the listing
The entire citation entrances run across the left side of this newspaper combined the one-inch margin.
Every MLA work cited entrance includes a hanging indent, meaning that the very first line of the complete reference begins along the one-inch perimeter and any extra lines following the first are indented in a half inches from the left margin. Double-space every line
Here’s a work mentioned MLA instance of a hanging indent:
References are usually arranged in alphabetical order by the first thing in the reference, which is often the final name of a writer. See the section below titled, “Organizing the Entries” to learn more.
Should you require additional assistance with studying how to mention operate in MLA, here is an article.
The following section provides directions that will assist you to arrange your references. There are two choices: alphabetical sequence and non-alphabetical order.
Nearly all references are arranged in alphabetical order by the first thing in the reference, which is normally a writer’s name. When a source does not have an author, the name is put in the reference. Many movies and films, for example, start with the name, because no writer is current.
In any event, if the reference begins with the last name of the writer, or a name, the entrances are put in alphabetical order.
Here is works cited MLA instance, arranged in alphabetical order.
Directed by Ryan Coogler, functionality by Chadwick Boseman, Marvel Studios, 2018.
Nearly all reference lists are arranged in alphabetical order. But, it’s okay to just organize”annotated bibliographies” in alphabetical order, chronological order, or topic sequence. Here is additional info about the company and the production of an MLA annotated bibliography.
Here is more on the best way best to perform an MLA works cited page.
6. Formatting Writer Titles
Should you need help structuring or formatting the writer’s name (or numerous writers’ names) on your references, then this section will probably help.
Let us begin with the proper arrangement for one writer’s title (taken from Section 2.1 of this official Handbook). If the source you are Trying to mention was created by a single individual writer, structure the title as follows:
The previous name of the writer is put at the onset of the reference, followed by a comma, and the first title of the writer. Conclude this advice with a time.
Listed below are a couple of examples demonstrating how to structure a writer’s name using a middle name or middle initial:
Thinking about how to arrange at least two works by Louisa May Alcott in your newspaper? It could be difficult to ascertain how to alphabetically organize the references because every MLA work cited entrance starts with Louisa May Alcott.
To make a proper MLA works cited list whenever there are numerous resources by precisely the exact same author, but the references in alphabetical order by the name. Just include the writer’s name at the first mention. Rather than the writer’s name, set three dashes, followed by a comma. (Follows rules from Section 2.7.2 of this Handbook.)
Below is a visual representation of a properly organized and ordered MLA style works cited list. All 3 resources within this MLA works cited page case are from the author, Louisa May Alcott.
— — -, Small Girls.
Needing an MLA work cited site to help make your own MLA work cited page?
In accordance with section 2.7.3 of this official Handbook, the first listed author’s name about the origin is the initial writer seen in the mention. The next listed author’s name about the origin is that the next writer set in the reference.
The primary author’s name is set in reverse sequence, followed by a comma and the word” and.” The next author’s name is recorded in regular order, followed by a period.
Last name, First name of Writer 1, and First name Last name of Author 2.
Listed below are a couple of examples to get works cited page in MLA:
Whenever there are numerous resources on a reference list with the very same co-authors, arrange those particular references supplied by the names. Just include the titles of the coauthors from the very first entrance.
— — -, The Bad Two Get Worse.
There could be occasions when you are trying to add extra sources by a single of those co-authors, or even the direct co-author alongside a distinct person.
Here’s a good illustration of the way the works cited page in MLA will be organized. Included is a supply solely composed by one of the coauthors (John Jory) and also supply by John Jory using another coauthor, Avery Monsen.
— — -, The Bad Two Get Worse.
My Friends Are Dead, Chronicle, 2010.
Jory John’s job, The Bad, is recorded first in the reference listing because the only writer’s title is coordinated first in alphabetical sequence. The next entrance involves both hyphens and a comma in place of John Jory’s name because it’s simple to compose and display the writer’s name in the listing. Entries four and three are from the coauthors Jory John and Mac Barnett. The hyphens from the fourth origin replace the writers’ titles in the next for the exact same reason as previously; it is unnecessary to compose both co-authors’ titles double. The Terrible Two publication is set before The Terrible Two Get Worse since the names are placed in alphabetical order. Monsen’s title is shown first on the origin, which explains why her name is recorded first in the entrance. Recall: writers are set in the sequence they appear on the source.
Three or more writers
Whenever there are three or more authors listed on a resource, it’s unnecessary to incorporate all people’ titles in the reference listing. Just contain the first listed author’s name, followed by a comma and their original title, followed by yet another comma and the abbreviation”et al..”
Is an abbreviation used in academic functions? It pertains to”and others” in Latin. Alter the second, third, and also some other authors’ names with”et al” in your work cited page in MLA.
This is the way the writer position would be satisfied with a supply with multiple writers:
Rather than including all four writers’ names at the entrance, only the first listed author’s name is contained. This is the way the Complete MLA works cited site entry would appear on the webpage:
Robertson, Judy, et al.” Children’s Interactions with Animated Agents within an Intelligent Tutoring System.”
If including an extra mention by Judy Robertson, but with unique co-authors, contain her title in the reference listing.
By way of instance, have a look at this informative post from Judy Robertson, Judith Good, and Helen Pain. The MLA work cited entry would start with Judy Robertson, et al. rather than 3 hyphens because there are unique co-authors compared to first. This is the way the reference listing for the two MLA works cited site journal posts would be coordinated:
Robertson, Judy, et al.” BetterBlether: The Analysis and Design of a Discussion Tool for Education.”
Robertson, Judy, et al.” Children’s Interactions with Animated Agents within an Intelligent Tutoring System.”
The entries are listed in alphabetical order by the name of this source because the very first positions are exactly the same.
If you are still questioning the way to do works cited page in MLA, learn more here.
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Writers with proper titles
There are instances when an author is graced with a prestigious name like a Duke, Sir, Saint, and many others (see Section 2.12 of their Handbook for more cases ).
Once an author has a certain title, it ought to be omitted from the entire body of a project and omitted in the reference listing.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle ought to be in the project as Arthur Conan Doyle.
On a work cited page in MLA, it could be shown as:
When an author has a suffix in her or his title, for example, Junior (Jr.) or some Roman numeral for example II, III, IV, or V, this info is contained in the reference list. The person’s name is put in reverse order, together with the previous title displayed at the initial place. Immediately after the previous name is a comma, followed by the first name and middle name. Following the very first and middle names, a comma is set, and the suffix of the person is put in the end.
Listed below are a couple of examples to illustrate how suffixes are ordered:
Cal Ripken Jr. will be structured as
Frederick William III will be organized as:
In case the writer’s pen name is one which is well understood, it’s okay to use the pen name set of the writer’s first and last name. By way of instance, Mark Twain, Dr. Seuss, George Orwell, and O. Henry are acceptable to use in works cited MLA segment, as their pen names are well known.
In case the writer’s pen name is not as comfortable, set the writer’s name in parentheses from the reference.
Here’s an MLA works cited an example to illustrate just how lesser-known pencil names are ordered:
Aunt Jane’s Nieces At Function.
Many titles in languages aside from English include traditions and features which are distinct from titles in English. This second section provides information that will help you properly structure and arrange the names of writers in different languages. It follows principles from section 1.1.4 from the official Handbook.
French names frequently incorporate the contaminants de, d’, or du. Some instances include Valery Giscard d’Estaing, Bertrand du Guesclin, and Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord.
When”p” can be used in someone’s name, it’s separated in the previous name. Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord will be organized in a job cited MLA record as:
If, nevertheless, the previous name is just one syllable,”p” is considered a part of the previous name. The mention entry would start with de and the final name of the person, followed by a comma and the first name.
When”du” or”us” can be employed in someone’s name, it’s included as a member of the previous name. Bertrand du Guesclin will be organized in a job mentioned MLA listing as:
When d’ is set before a previous name or is contained as a member of the previous title, but just when the previous name starts with a vowel. Valery Giscard d’Estaing will be ordered as:
Before deciding how to structure an Asian writer’s title, consider the origin. Many Asian publishers exhibit the writer’s last name on resources. In case the source was printed in Asia, don’t undo the writer’s name from the reference listing. Write it in the sequence shown on the origin, with no commas. Finish the writer’s name with time.
In case the source was printed in English, it’s fairly possible that the writer’s last name is displayed first too. That is when the researcher should do a little bit of detective work to ascertain the writer’s first name and last name. Run the title through a search engine and then establish the writer’s first name and last name. If the last name is placed on the origin, keep it is at the reference entry. Don’t undo the titles and write it in standard type.
If, on the origin, the writer’s name is put in regular order (first name followed by the last name) undo it at the reference list. Start the reference together with the previous name of the person, insert a comma, and insert the first name of the writer. End the area with time.
Famous historic figures in history have titles that are commonly known. Some instances include Julius Caesar, Augustus, Claudius, Constantine, along with many others. When these people are recognized by their names, their complete names are in Latin.
Start the reference entrance together with all the Roman name. Immediately after the Roman title, add the person’s full title in parentheses. Finish the data with time.
Here’s an MLA works cited site illustration:
Augustus (Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus). “The Deeds of the Divine Augustus.” The Internet Classics Archive, interpreted by Thomas Bushnell, 1998, classics.mit.edu/Augustus/deeds.html.
APA citation site references seem much different! Ensure that you check out our useful hints on EasyBib.com!
Two commonly used particles in German names are “von” and “zu.” Examples include Alexander von Humboldt, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, and Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied.
Every time a German person’s name comprises the contaminants”von” or”Zu,” the contaminants aren’t included as a member of the individual’s name. Ferdinand von Zeppelin will be organizing at the work mentioned MLA list as:
Zeppelin, Ferdinand von.
If on the origin, von is exhibited as a last name, it’s okay to add it at the start of the person’s last name. Examples include novels by Dita Von Teese and Diane Von Furstenberg.
Here’s an MLA works cited illustration:
Von Furstenberg, Diane. Diane: A Signature Life. Simon & Schuster, 2009.
When the contaminants d’, de, Della, da, da, are employed within a person’s last name, and also the person is relatively present and out of contemporary times, the contaminants are contained as part of the final name along with the reference entry starts with the particle.
After the person’s name begins with the very same particles previously, but he or she’s from ancient or historical times, the particle isn’t included as a member of the person’s last name.
Di Lampedusa, Giuseppe Tomasi.
There are two commonly used particles in Spanish titles: “p” and”del.” When somebody’s title comprises the particle,”p” doesn’t include it within her or his name. When”del” is observable in a person’s last name, the”d” at”del” is capitalized and put at the start of the citation.
Del Toro, Benicio.
Leon, Juan Ponce de.
Soto, Hernando de.
Del Rio, Andres Manuel.